Ear Nose | Otorhinolaryngology | Stuffy Nose (Symptom)
Stuffy nose or nasal congestion is a term that refers to the obstruction of airflow in and out of the nose. In contrast, the term nasal discharge means a discharge (fluid) from the nostrils.
Nasal congestion is most often the result of inflammation and swelling of the tissues lining the nasal passages and sinuses. Less commonly, anatomical obstructions (such as a deviated septum, foreign bodies) can lead to nasal congestion. Prolonged use of certain nasal decongestant sprays or drops can lead to a worsening of nasal congestion.
Rarely, tumours of the nasal passages or chronic medical conditions can cause nasal congestion. This refers to the presence of increased secretions and mucus in the nostrils, usually arises from a common cold, allergic reaction, inflammation or infection of the sinuses (sinusitis). Infections of the paranasal sinuses are infections caused by a pathogen (virus, bacteria or fungus) that grows in the sinus and causes blockage intermittent sinus ostium.
Most often, stuffy nose in children occurs because of polyps increase. And the most common cause of blockage in the nose in adults is a deviated septum. Polyps are part of a chain and they swell immunity in children in self-defense fighting in those bouts of colds. To strengthen immunity is good for a child own antibodies to fight against the three to four year pusfilled tonsillitis, tonsillitis only red throat. Polyps grow due to virus diseases and repeated colds, because they increase the volume to produce more antibodies. When polyps grow too much they prevent breathing through the nose, ear locks and ventilation, causing hearing disorders. Operation of polyps should be when they block breathing.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Usually, surgery to remove polyps is not laser, but the classical method. In adults, the most common cause of stuffy nose is deviated septum. Dividing the wall between the nostrils called septum is very often false, and the inlet path is disturbed. In such cases, when breathing through the nose defect is significant, there must be a corrective operation, thus straightening the wall of the nose.