Head | Psychiatry | Suicide (Symptom)


Suicide represents an act by which a person causes his own death. Suicide is a complex phenomenon that exceeds the psychiatric is often reduced to the extent that the question of human freedom and its options (including his death).

In psychopathology it consists in establishing a gradation between the idea of death (imprecise and short, its own crisis of boredom), the idea of suicide (with a concrete representation of the act) and attempted suicide, corresponding to an extreme form of self against aggressive return.


Suicide is the major complication of the psychoses, depressions, schizophrenia, delusional hot flashes, and chronic delirium especially melancholy. It has also occurred in epilepsy, alcoholism and in some cases such as agony of anxiety, accompanied by a loss of self control. Evoking ideas of suicide, usually without consequences are commonly called minor depressions (neurotic or react).

However, even when dressed as a suicidal emotional blackmail (the hysterical especially) it should never be underestimated. Moreover, a latent destructive tendency can be translated through a life-threatening behaviour subject: looking unconscious risk (sports, car driving), alcoholism, drug addiction, which is all methods of flirting with death.

There are many cases of suicide without obvious psychopathological origin, such as at a collective disaster (invasion, war, natural disaster), failure of an ideal, a threat of dishonour, incurable disease. Depression seems to be a major factor in suicide and it is estimated that it is responsible for about 65% to 90% of suicides with psychiatric pathologies. The risk is even higher in depressed patients when they stop taking the medications that are necessary, considering that there is no cure for them.