Bleeding in Brain

Head | Neurology | Bleeding in Brain (Symptom)


A cerebral hemorrhage also called intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a subtype of an intracranial hemorrhage happened inside the brain tissue itself. Intracranial bleeds are a serious medical emergency due to the fact they can increase intracranial pressure that left untreated can lead to coma and death.


Intracerebral hemorrhage can occur due to some brain trauma, or it can appear spontaneously in hemorrhagic stroke. Non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage is a spontaneous bleeding into the brain tissue. Cerebral or brain hemorrhage can occur inside the brain, between the brain and the membranes that cover it called subdural, between the layers of the brain's covering called subarachnoid, or between the skull and the covering of the brain known as epidural.

The most common causes and risk factors include the following: head trauma, high blood pressure, aneurysm, blood vessel abnormalities, amyloid angiopathy, blood or bleeding disorders, liver disease, and brain tumors.

The symptoms of ICH include: a sudden severe headache, seizures with no previous history of seizures, weakness in an arm or leg, nausea or vomiting, decreased alertness, lethargy, changes in vision, tingling or numbness, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, difficulty swallowing, difficulty writing or reading, loss of fine motor skills, such as hand tremors, loss of coordination, loss of balance, an abnormal sense of taste, loss of consciousness.


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