Swelling of Ankles and Feet

Feet | Orthopaedics | Swelling of Ankles and Feet (Symptom)


Painless swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, especially among older people. Abnormal buildup of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs is called edema.


In some cases swelling is nothing more than a manifestation of gravity - when someone sits too much standing or sitting, the body fluids are drawn down to the legs by gravity. Another common cause is venous insufficiency, a weakening of the valves found in veins of the legs. Therefore, it increases blood pressure and tissue fluid seeps. A task usually lead, leg swelling due to weight gain and increased blood volume required to sustain pregnancy.

On the other hand, heart disease, liver or kidneys, lead to swollen feet and thyroid condition. Even healthy eating habits affect feet and salt is the main enemy when it comes to water retention.

Ankle edema, which can be put out of the finger from left after pressing, are caused by either the kidney or heart, or liver cirrhosis. Kidney failure occurs due to malfunction of the kidneys can not eliminate the sodium chloride (table salt). In turn, it retains salt and water molecules as feet swell. Heart failure is manifested by increased secretion of aldosterone (hormone), leading to water retention in tissues. In cirrhosis, liver hardened and thus blood flow to the liver and kidneys is slowed.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The most important thing that must be done is to lift the legs up to chest level or above, whenever possible. Lying on the bed and putting some pillows under the heels so the feet are higher than the body. This will stimulate blood circulation and reduce the amount of liquid retained in the legs. ...