Swelling of Tongue

Mouth | Otorhinolaryngology | Swelling of Tongue (Symptom)


Swollen tongue can occur due to inflammation-lingual glossitis, this abnormal substances (such as amyloid substance) in language, in language of fluid collections as a result of various diseases or tissue tumors infiltrate the tongue.


A swollen tongue can occur as a result of allergic reactions to medications or other substances. In this case swelling is due to accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the tongue, known medically as angioedema. A swollen tongue can interfere with normal breathing and mouth is considered a medical emergency.

Causes of angioedema: choose, amyloidosis, bee stings, burns; Down-syndrome, food allergy, fungal infection, leukemia;oral cancer, pernicious anemia, absecul, acromegaly; bacterial, lymphangioma, medication, myxedema, pellagra; neurofibromatosis, rabdomiom, trauma. Glossitis is an inflammatory disease of the tongue. It can also cause swelling of tongue and discoloration. The tongue becomes smooth and taste buds are not evident. Abnormal appearance of the tongue may be caused by a condition thereof, or may be a symptom of other diseases.

The causes of the swollen tongue include: bacterial or viral infections (eg oral infection with herpes simplex virus);injury (irritation) language by rough edges of teeth decayed or incorrect crown restorations; language by burn injury or traumatic factors; exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, alcohol, hot foods and various spices; allergic reaction to toothpaste, mouthwash, chewing gum or dyes in candy, denture material it is made, or certain medications ;conditions such as iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia, vitamin B deficiency, oral lichen planus, erythema multiforme, mouth ulcers, penfigus vulgar, syphilis. Occasionally, glossitis can be inherited. Tongue can increase the volume (hypertrophy) in certain forms of chronic glossitis (tongue inflammation), in which case it looks swollen, soft and keeps prints are printed on the teeth.

Another type of glossitis swollen tongue can cause a large degree that the patient has difficulty chewing, swallowing food and even speech. In cases of digestive disorders, language is very swollen, but embarrassed. Appearance is pale, soft and tooth design that leaves a trace on it.

Diagnosis and Treatment

In the treatment of allergic reactions including angioedema are used: epinephrine, antihistamines and steroids.