Syncope or Fainting

General or Other | General Practice | Syncope or Fainting (Symptom)


Syncope, or fainting, is the sudden loss, total consciousness, accompanied by the disappearance of muscle tone.


Syncope occurs when the brain is not getting enough blood (which specialists call cerebral hypoperfusion). There are many diseases, acute or chronic, mild or major, which can be complicated by syncope. It could be anxiety, phobias, emotions, anemia, hypoglycemia, arrhythmias, seizures, or neurological diseases. There is even idiopathic syncope, whose cause can not be determined at the time of the doctor and do not recur again, or syncope that is inherited from generation to generation.

Although syncope can be a real warning sign that something is wrong in the body, one can equally well occur in a healthy, normal in terms of psycho - somatic. Gaps raise special problems by morbidities and traumatic complications, especially in the elderly. If they aired their postural tone and fall, is is possible to hit nearby objects, which can be negative repercussions on general health of the body because seniors are more difficult to recover from injury. Syncopal episodes are very short; the patient fully recovers within minutes and no confusion or altered mental status.

Syncope can have a more reserved prognosis if there is a background of serious heart problems. Syncope is even more common than we think. A recent statistics indicate that almost made 3% of all presentations and appointments made to the emergency room of hospital emergency departments are for syncope, and 6% of all admissions recognize this cause. It is the sixth leading cause of hospitalization of patients over 65 years. It seems that women are as affected as men, although older studies suggest that women are more syncopal episodes. Occurrence of syncope increases with age, but syncope is a condition not exclusive to elderly patients, it can occur at any age. Patients may feel dizzy before syncope, faintness, or events may have to announce that something is wrong, or can directly pass out suddenly in a state of apparent health. Transient character separates them from many other states characterized by impaired consciousness and a lack of intense motor movements apart from convulsions.