Watery Stool or Diarrhea
Buttock Rectum | Gastroenterology | Watery Stool or Diarrhea (Symptom)
Diarrhea is the abnormal situation when the patient often eliminate unformed stools accompanied by incomplete digestion of ingested food. Digestive diseases in the world ranks second in frequency after airway disease. They are dangerous because in some cases cause rapid dehydration and death of the patient body, within a few hours of first symptoms. Acute diarrheal disease predominantly affects populations in developing countries that are (Africa, Asia, Latin America), and especially children from these territories, the leading cause of death. Diarrhea prevents food digestion and absorption in the digestive tract, causing malnutrition in this way, accompanied by the decrease of the resistibility against opportunistic infections.
Diarrhea may be due to digestive or extradigestive causes. Digestive causes of diarrhea are: infectious and parasitic diseases, pancreatic diseses, malabsorption. Causes of extradigestive diarrhea are: strong emotions, endocrine or renal causes. Diarrhea can be seen as a mechanism by which the body tries to remove as soon as a harmful factor, reached inside the digestive tract, bowel movements will be accelerated, resulting in inefficient absorption of water and incomplete digestion of food (with the advent of malnutrition) in the same time will increase the amount of intestinal secretions, in some cases gastrointestinal manifestations can accompany the elimination of faeces, blood, pus or mucus.
Diarrhea occurs when pathogens (bacteria, viruses or fungi), manage to overcome the body defense mechanisms. For diagnosis and correct treatment is important to understand how these factors of aggression on the digestive tract. Pathogen reaches the digestive tract with food intake. For example, 10-100 Shigella bacteria are sufficient to cause diarrhea. Some bacteria are spread through interpersonal contact (Giardia, Shigella, Entamoeba) and others multiply in foods until you develop infectious dose (Salmonella).
Diagnosis and Treatment
The existence of a diarrheal syndrome requires investigations to elucidate the etiology: copro-parasitological examination of faeces, rectoscope, colonoscopy, or enema Barite function tests to assess the absorption in the gut and pancreas function.